Is Proposition MM?
1990s, San Diego City Schools undertook the largest public review of
facilities in the district's history. Parents, teachers, principals,
and community and business leaders participated in the evaluation
This major assessment became the basis for the Long
Facilities Master Plan.
revealed that our neighborhood schools were desperately in need of
billion of repairs, renovations and replacement. Roofs were
Pipes were bursting. Wood was rotting. Electrical systems were failing.
Heating and ventilation systems needed replacing. Foundations and
were cracking. Classrooms lacked the necessary electrical outlets to
today's technology, and schools lacked adequate science labs and
For the past 20 years, all but the most serious repairs had to be
due to shortage of money and competing academic priorities. Click
here to see pictures of our schools before Proposition MM.
overcrowding had become a huge problem; enrollment had increased by
students from 1986 to 1998. Almost every school lacked sufficient
space. At some schools, portable classrooms had overtaken playground
San Diego's children needed modernized facilities and new classrooms.
did this happen?
of the late 1980s and early 1990s resulted in tough decisions for
especially schools. Limited available dollars were spent on funding for
teachers, nurses, books, supplies and teaching-related materials. As a
result, school repairs and renovations had to be postponed. During this
same time, enrollment increased dramatically, causing a shortage of
and classroom space.
Diego voters pass Proposition MM
1998, the Board of Education unanimously voted to place a $1.51 billion
bond measure - called Proposition MM - on the November 1998 ballot to
modernization of 161 existing schools and construction of 12 new and
schools. Proposition MM continues the existing property tax rate that
have otherwise expired in 2003. The typical homeowner in San Diego pays
$95.75 for each $100,000 assessed valuation.
3, 1998, 78 percent of San Diego voters approved Proposition MM. It is
the largest active public works program in the County of San Diego, and
the second largest in California.
Schools Before Proposition MM
Proposition MM is being spent
MM funds projects in the following categories:
MM eliminates the district's $258 million maintenance backlog.
that had been postponed due to lack of funding caused the district to
critically behind its regular maintenance schedules. Projects include
and/or replacement of ceiling tile, flooring, roofing,
concrete/asphalt, plumbing/drainage/sewers, door and window assemblies,
painting, fencing, irrigation, erosion and bleachers.
health and safety
are structurally safe, Proposition MM funds upgrades necessary to meet
state and federal safety regulations for playground equipment, access
the physically disabled, fire alarm/security systems and climate
electrical systems for technology
in the classroom was not even a dream when most of our schools were
Using the standards of construction followed 30 to 50 years ago, many
were built with only two electrical outlets. Proposition MM funds
improvements at all elementary and high schools. (Middle schools were
in a previous bond measure.)
libraries, science classrooms and outdoor lunch court shelters
MM funds the upgrading and construction of new science classrooms at
and high schools, expansion or construction of libraries at 104 schools
to support literacy goals, and construction of lunch court shelters at
all elementary and secondary schools that do not currently have lunch
existing classrooms and constructing new facilities
MM funds the construction of 12 new elementary schools and a rebuilt
High School. It also funds the rebuilding of two temporary schools
and Mead) that are more than 20 years old.
school buildings and grounds
classrooms are never allowed to deteriorate to a substandard level
Proposition MM also provides funding for future major repair and
at existing schools.
the teaching and learning environment
items covered by Proposition MM include:
kindergarten classrooms at all elementary schools
- replacement of
portable classrooms with permanent buildings at 20 schools
- additional counseling,
parent involvement, conference and special education facilities at 84
- major additions
to Thurgood Marshall, Dana and Farb middle schools, as well as Edison
- school repairs
identified by school staff
- water in all elementary
MM Work In Progress
We're At Today
two years of implementation, Proposition MM faced several unexpected
and cost overruns. Despite this slow start, work is now on track and
responsibility is in place so that all San Diego City Schools will
what was promised to them. The program made up for lost time under the
direction of Lou Smith, a retired Navy rear admiral and civil engineer,
who was hired to turn around the program from December 2001-February
Among the accomplishments:
- Dramatic turnaround.
MM program is on track. In fiscal year 2001-2002, the district flew by
the $300 million mark of cumulative expenditures since the beginning of
the program. And in the 2002-2003 fiscal year alone, Proposition MM
are expected to reach $340 million. The dramatic recovery of
MM caught the attention of the San Diego County Taxpayers Association
SDCTA gave Proposition MM its coveted Grand Golden Watchdog Award
in 2005 and a Regional
Watchdog Award in 2002 for exmplifying efficient use of taxpayer
MM modernization and construction work is happening at more than 80
at any given time.
Scripps Modular Elementary School opened in September 2001, the first
the new schools to be built. Due to an emphasis on community
the American Planning Association gave San Diego City Schools a first
award for Proposition MM's New
Site Selection Process.
Diego City Schools has awarded 98 percent of Proposition MM contract
to San Diego-based firms.
to an aggressive
outreach strategy, the district has awarded 41 percent of all
MM contract dollars to Emerging Business Firms, with 13 percent going
disadvantaged-, women-owned- and disabled veterans-business enterprises
and 28 percent going to small business enterprises. Read the Fact
Sheet about Proposition MM's business outreach efforts.
rates are closely monitored and have averaged only five percent for all
projects. Systems are in place to verify correct scoping and accounting
procedures. And a program-cost forecasting methodology will ensure
fulfillment of all bond obligations.
Diego Model School.
a new Proposition MM school in City Heights could anchor an urban
master plan that would include replacement housing, joint use
areas, underground parking, family services and retail. The project is
the result of an unprecedented collaboration and joint powers authority
among San Diego City Schools, the City of San Diego and its Housing
and Redevelopment Agency. The joint powers authority will facilitate
aspects of financing, planning, design and construction of the entire
Citizens' Oversight Committee, a group of volunteer citizens,
monitors Proposition MM implementation and expenditures. The ICOC's
is to assure the public and Board of Education that Proposition MM bond
funds have been, are being and will continue to be well spent in
with the bond measure. ICOC subcommittee members walk school campuses,
review project planning documents, monitor community meetings and
audit reports to verify that the district is effectively using
Schools After Proposition MM
Range Facilities Master Plan
1990s, San Diego City Schools undertook the largest public review of
facilities in the district's history. This major assessment became the
basis for the Long Range Facilities Master Plan. Parents, teachers,
residents as well as community and business leaders were part of the
process. The Long Range Facilities Master Plan identified $1.51 billion
of critically needed facility improvements, as well as $2.5 billion of
needed additional renovation and new construction.
Range Facilities Master Plan below. The files are in pdf format.
Back to Proposition MM home page
1 - Description of Process
2 - School Programs
3 - Support Services
4 - Existing Facilities
5 - Demographics
6 - Implementation Plan